If you are a close contact

When you meet one of the following criteria:

  1. You have lived with an infected person during the period when they can infect others.
  2. You have had direct physical contact with an infected person, for example when you embraced/kissed them or if they have coughed/sneezed.
  3. When you have been less than 1 m from an infected person for more than 15 minutes, for example when talking together or when at a meeting together.

…And have had contact with the infected person during the period of time when they can infect someone:

  • The infection period for people with symptoms and who have a positive test result are: From 48-hour before the symptoms started until 48 hours after symptoms ceased.
  • The infection period for people without symptoms and a positive test results are: From 48 hours before the person was tested up to and including 7 days after the test was taken.

A close contact is typically someone who lives with an infected person and who shares a bedroom with the infected person, shares the same living room, for example, they sit together on the couch, embrace, etc. In addition, it is those people who have direct physical contact with the infected person, for example, closest friends and family members.

You are not a close contact because you have been in close contact with someone who has been identified as a close contact. You first become a close contact when the person you have been in close contact with tests positive for COVID-19.

Recommendations if you are a close contact and not fully vaccinated:

If you live alone:

  • Isolate and then get tested on the 7th day after you were last in close contact with the infected person. If the result of the test you take on the 7th day is negative, you no longer need to isolate.
  • Pay attention to symptoms, they can be a sign of COVID-19, for 14 days after contact with the infected person.

If you live with other people:

  • Isolate and keep to a safe distance from other people in the household, i.e. sleep in a separate bedroom if possible and pay attention to hygiene, cleaning and airing out. You should use hand sanitiser after you have used the handbasin or toilet and use your own towel.
  • Get tested on the 7th day after you were last in close contact with the infected person. If the result of the test you take on the 7th day is negative, you no longer need to isolate.
  • Pay attention to symptoms, they can be a sign of COVID-19, for 14 days after contact with the infected person.

If you live together with the infected person, who is isolating:

  • If you are able to keep to a safe distance from the infected person by dividing the home up, please follow the guidelines “If you live with other people”.
    1. Get tested on the 7th day after you were last in close contact with the infected person. If the result of the test you take on the 7th day is negative, you no longer need to isolate.
    2. Pay attention to symptoms, they can be a sign of COVID-19, for 14 days after contact with the infected person.
  • If you are unable to divide the home up or unable to avoid physical contact (for example because of the size of the home, or because of a sick child) you have the following options: 
    1. The infected person is instructed to stay in an isolation room. The other members of the household, who are close contacts, must get tested on the 7th day after they were last in close contact with the infected person. If the result of their tests taken on the 7th day are negative, they no longer need to isolate. Close contacts must pay attention to symptoms, they can be a sign of COVID-19, for 14 days after contact with the infected person.
    2. If it is not possible to use an isolation or quarantine room, then the entire household should isolate together with the infected person. We urge everyone in the household to take a test as quickly as possible to verify whether they have been infected or not, even if they do not have any symptoms. You must pay attention to symptoms that can be signs of COVID-19 infection. The following test procedure is also recommended:
      • Take a test when the infected person is deemed healthy by the health service.
      • Take a test 7 days after the infected person was tested (and not 7 days after test result was received), if the infected person is asymptomatic. If this test is negative, then you can stop isolating.

Recommendations if you are a close contact and fully vaccinated (14 days after the last vaccination dose) or were previously infected in the last three months and have not had symptoms of COVID-19 since you were infected:

If you live alone:

  • You do not need to isolate, and you can go to work, school, etc. In general, exercise caution especially when outside of the home. Keep to a safe distance from other people, and remember good hygiene, etc.
  • Get tested on the 4th and 7th day after you were last in close contact with the infected person.
  • Pay attention to symptoms, they can be a sign of COVID-19, for 14 days after contact with the infected person.

If you live with other people:

  • You do not need to isolate, and can go to work, school etc. In general, exercise caution both at home and when outside. Keep to a safe distance from other people, and remember good hygiene, etc.
  • Get tested on the 4th and 7th day after you were last in close contact with the infected person.
  • Pay attention to symptoms, they can be a sign of COVID-19, for 14 days after contact with the infected person.

If you live together with the infected person, who is isolating:

  • If you are able to keep to a safe distance from the infected person by dividing the home up, please follow the guidelines “If you live with other people”.
    • Get tested on the 4th and 7th day after you were last in close contact with the infected person.
    • Pay attention to symptoms, they can be a sign of COVID-19, for 14 days after contact with the infected person.
  • If you are unable to divide the home up or unable to avoid physical contact (for example because of the size of the home, or because of a sick child) you have the following options:
    1. The infected person is instructed to stay in an isolation room. The other members of the household, who are close contacts, do not need to isolate, but can go to work, school, etc. The other members of the household are urged to exercise caution at home and when outside – remember to keep to a safe distance from other people, and remember good hygiene. The close contacts must get tested on the 4th and 7th day, after they were last in close contact with the infected person. Close contacts must pay attention to symptoms, they can be a sign of COVID-19, for 14 days after contact with the infected person.
    2. Close contacts, i.e. the other members of the household, must stay in in their own rooms. The close contacts do not need to isolate, but can go to work, school etc. the other members of the household are urged to exercise caution at home and when outside – remember to keep to a safe distance from other people, and remember good hygiene. The close contacts must get tested on the 4th and 7th day, after they were last in close contact with the infected person. Close contacts must pay attention to symptoms, they can be a sign of COVID-19, for 14 days after contact with the infected person.
    3. If it is not possible to use an isolation or quarantine room, then the entire household should isolate together with the infected person. We urge everyone in the household to take a test as quickly as possible to verify whether they have been infected or not, even if they do not have any symptoms. You must pay attention to symptoms that can be signs of COVID-19 infection. The following test procedure is also recommended:
      • Take a test when the infected person is deemed healthy by the health service.
      • Take a test 7 days after the infected person was tested (and not 7 days after test result was received), if the infected person is asymptomatic. If this test is negative, then you can stop isolating.

If you develop COVID-19 symptoms, you should isolate and get tested. You should do this, regardless of whether you are fully vaccinated, not vaccinated, or have been infected within the last three months.

Read more about the typical symptoms of COVID-19 here.

If you get a positive test result from a PCR test you should:

Isolate

  • If you have symptoms:
    • Continue to isolate until 48 hours after the symptoms have ceased
    • Or
    • Until 10 days have passed after the point when the symptoms started, if you have had two fever free days in a row (without taking any temperature-lowering medicine) and have been feeling much better. It is acceptable with mild remaining symptoms, such as a light cough, loss of taste or smell, headache or tiredness.
  • If you do not have symptoms:
    • Continue to isolate until 7 days after the test was taken have passed.

Read the guidelines for when you test positive for COVID-19.

You are not a close contact because you have been in close contact with someone who is identified as a close contact.

However, you can be exposed to infection even if you are not a close contact. For example, there is an outbreak of infection at a bar/restaurant, at work or at a major event and this includes private events as well.

If you have been exposed to infection but have not been identified as a close contact, you should:

  1.  Not go into isolation, but please get tested. You can go to work, carry out practical tasks such as shopping, etc. before you get tested and while you are waiting for a test result.
  2. Exercise caution and avoid situations where you can expose others to infection.
  3. Pay extra attention to any development of symptoms and follow recommendations about keeping to a safe distance and good hygiene.

If you are not fully vaccinated, you should exercise a great deal of caution because people who are not fully vaccinated have a much higher chance of becoming infected in situations where the infection is spreading.

If your child has symptoms of COVID-19, the child should as quickly as possible isolate and get tested. Please read this section for more information.

If your child is infected with COVID-19 or is identified as being a close contact, the child must not go to school, or go to the day care institution or recreational activity. Day care institutions and primary schools can refuse to allow a child to attend the school or institution when the child is infected or has been identified as a close contact.

If your child is a close contact but does not have any COVID-19 symptoms, and you do not wish your child to be tested, then it is recommended that the child isolates at home for 14 days after the last close contact to the infected person.

Parents and other family members or people who share the home with the child who is a close contact to an infected person, do not need to do anything other than pay extra attention to the infection prevention advice, including hygiene and airing out.

Suspicion of infection in a classroom/day care institution/recreational activity may cease with a negative PCR test result. The times for testing depends on the specific case. Schools/day care institutions/recreational activities have a number of guidelines to deal with the suspicion of infection. Read more about the guidelines for primary schools and other institutions. 

Please find recommendations for families with children here.

 

If you are in quarantine, you must not:

  • Go to work or go to school/college
  • Use public transport, i.e. bus or taxi
  • Visit or be visited by friends and family

If you are in quarantine, you are allowed to:

  • Have contact with the people you live with, but avoid close contact
  • Go for a walk outdoors
  • Shop, but try and avoid this as much as possible, and instead ask other people in the household or friends to do it for you. If that is not possible, it is recommended that you shop at quiet times for example early or late in the day.
  • Pay special attention to airing out regularly, having good hand hygiene, and frequently cleaning surfaces that are touched multiple times a day – this is especially important if several people live in the same household.